Everything You Need To Know About Organ Transplantation In India (Step by step guide to transplantation process)

Do you know that nearly 3,00,000 people are in need for kidney transplant followed by 1,00,000 for liver transplant and 50,000 for heart transplant every year? And that India’s organ donation for transplantation rate is among the lowest in the world?

Organ Transplantation In India

India lags behind a world average in case of organ transplantation surgery rate due to low donor turnout for organ donations for transplantations and due to the high cost of organ transplantation surgery. In spite of this fact, Organ transplantation is not an alien concept to us. We all have heard about it for one reason or another. May be your loved one needs it or somebody you know wants to donate organs. Whatever be the reason but it is highly likely that you have heard about organ transplantation in India.

But even though everyone is familiar with organ transplantation, there is still lack of awareness regarding the procedure of organ transplantation, cost of organ transplantation in India, ways to finance an organ transplantation surgery.

An organ transplantation is a surgical operation in which a failing or damaged organ in the human body is removed and replaced with a functioning one. The donated organ for transplantation may be from a deceased donor, a living donor, or an animal. In some cases an artificial organ is used for organ transplantation. Organ transplantation is often the only treatment for end stage organ failure, such as liver and heart failure.

Hence here is a comprehensive look of organ transplantation – the procedure, hospitals, financial support etc. in India.

Do you know which organs can be transplanted through Organ transplantation surgery?

You will be surprised to know that almost 13 types of tissues and organs can be used in transplantation.

Organ transplantation surgery

Image Source: http://www.riodac.org/understandingdonation.html

4 Most Common Types of Organ Transplantations  in India:

From above mentioned parts the most common organ transplantations that takes place in India are:

  1. Kidney transplant
  2. Liver transplant
  3. Heart transplant
  4. Bone marrow transplant

Everything you need to know about kidney transplant

When a person’s kidney is damaged, it is unable to regulate water levels in the blood stream, and remove unwanted wastes from the body, consequently leading to a buildup of toxins that spiral into many other health problems. Excess strain on the kidney filters could eventually lead to kidney failure, meaning that the patient would require a kidney transplant.

Treatment for Kidney Diseases

  • Medications are prescribed to manage the actual cause of the kidney problem like high cholesterol, blood pressure, diabetes.
  • Dialysis is done to artificially remove the toxins from blood.
  • Kidney cancer treatments including radiation, chemotherapy, immunotherapy
  • Kidney transplant as a last resort to cure kidney disease.

Even though human beings are born with two kidneys, it is possible to live with just one, which is why kidney transplant surgeries are the most common organ transplantation surgeries. However, it is the cost factor that makes it unaffordable by many patients.

Everything you need to know about Liver transplant

The liver is the largest internal organ and has a very important role in the daily functioning of the human body. It is responsible for protein production, blood clotting, cholesterol, sugar, iron, and the maintaining the human body’s metabolism.

A liver transplant is an operation that replaces a patient’s diseased liver with a whole or partial healthy liver from another person. The liver transplantation is second most common organ transplantation after kidney in India.

Treatment for Liver Diseases

  • Lifestyle changes limiting consumption of alcohol and packaged food
  • Treating the symptoms of liver diseases like hepatitis, gallstones and jaundice
  • Medication to control amount of excess protein in the diet along with low sodium intake
  • Liver cancer treatment including radiation, chemotherapy, immunotherapy
  • Liver transplant

Everything you need to know about heart transplants

The heart is responsible for pumping blood throughout the system. When the heart is weakened by cardiovascular diseases to point that it cannot function efficiently on its own, it is called heart failure. It is at this stage that the sufferer would require a heart transplant.

Treatment for Heart Diseases:

  • Medications to relieve fluid buildup, treat blood pressure and prevent blood clots
  • Percutaneous Coronary Intervention or angioplasty done by introducing thin, flexible tube known as stent to widen coronary artery.

●     Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting surgery to remove arteries or veins from other parts of body to use them to bypass blocked coronary arteries.

●     Cardiac Rehabilitation which includes supervised program that teaches how to exercise safely and strengthen muscles.

●     Heart transplant in case of heart failure.

Everything you need to know about Bone marrow transplant:

When blood cancers and certain genetic conditions damage this marrow, it prevents these blood-making factories from functioning effectively. That’s when you need a bone marrow transplant, an infusion of healthy blood stem cells that can regenerate healthy marrow. As bone marrow resides throughout the body and constantly regenerates, the transplant process can be easier for both donors and recipients than other types of organ transplantations

What conditions can require a bone marrow transplant?

Ninety-five percent of bone marrow transplants are used to support treatment of blood cancers.

Bone marrow is given through an infusion. For a full match, the success rate is more than 99 % Even If the marrow is not a full match, the chance of rejection is mere 10 to 15 %.

Treatment for blood cancer

  • Taking balanced diet and regular exercise for a healthy lifestyle
  • Avoiding processed meat/fish items
  • Lowered consumption of Trans or saturated fats
  • Regular exposure to fresh air is necessary
  • Stay away from herbicides and chemicals

How successful are the transplants?

Bone marrow is given through an infusion. For a full match, the success rate is more than 99 % Even If the marrow is not a full match, the chance of rejection is mere 10 to 15 %

How to prepare for organ transplantation:

It is best to prepare yourself physically, mentally and financially for surgery.
You have to be physically fit, organ transplant candidates need to make some substantial lifestyle changes, such as losing weight or stopping smoking, alcohol intake. To prepare yourself financially you can look forward to crowdfunding in India from platforms like Impactguru.com (Elaborative information available on this page further)

Side effects of organ transplantation:

There can be some side effects of transplantation on your body but there’s no need to worry about it as the good news is that side effects are much easier to cope with than they once were before organ transplantation.This can include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, mood swings, hair loss etc.

Post organ transplantation care:

After an organ transplant, you will need to take immunosuppressant (anti-rejection) drugs. These drugs help prevent your immune system from attacking (“rejecting”) the donor organ. Apart from the medication you must,

Manage your medication schedule
Eat well and stay healthy

Do not miss a follow up appointment with doctors

Do Light exercise or physical activity but only as per doctor’s instructions

Returning to daily routine after organ transplantation:

Most of the patients can return to work after organ transplantation surgery. Infact according to some doctors it is healthy to be active and more involved although you must rest enough as per doctor’s directions and should not tire yourself by overestimating your strength and capacity.

Step by step procedure of organ transplantation in India

Steps for individuals registering to get a organ transplantation surgery

  • Register yourself with the Zonal Transplant Coordination Center (ZTCC) and get an NOC.
  • The ZTCC maintains the computerized waiting list, blood group wise, for each organ like kidney, liver, heart and lung, as per the priority criteria given in the Maharashtra State guidelines.
  • Medical testing of organ before organ transplantation is done by the professionals for checking suitability. Once the medical testing is complete, a surgical team is mobilized to carry out the organ transplantation procedure.

Cost of Organ transplantations in India:

Highly expensive surgery: Most of these treatments mentioned above are extremely expensive.These transplants cost about 20-15 lakhs in India. It can be financially draining for the sufferer, despite measures such as medical insurance and loans.

Pre and Post organ transplantation costs: Transplant is kept as a last option in most of these treatments. Many treatments precede an actual transplant surgery. Additionally a long recovery period comes with heavy post-operative treatments, and expensive medicines.

This can be huge drain on savings and in case the patient is from economically weaker background, an expense impossible to bear and entirely unaffordable. Often, patients are unable to afford the medical expenses associated with dialysis, transplants and other treatments, and end up withdrawing from treatment, which is potentially fatal for their health.

5 ways to finance your organ transplantation surgery

Many patients withdraw from expensive treatments like organ transplantations because they could not afford the expenditure involved. As a result, their health deteriorates, and many of them even lose their lives. So here are a few way to raise funds for expensive medical treatments like organ transplantations.

Direct donations from your family and friends

Your family and friends are your closest and most supportive network. Since they know you personally, they will surely step forward to help you raise money for your organ transplantation procedure.

NGOs, private trusts, and government schemes

There are several associations that are setup to provide financial assistance to individuals and families that cannot afford expensive medical treatments like organ transplantations.

Medical loans and insurances

As long as there are no previous loans or arrears, with the right documentation and verification process, application for financial help for organ transplantation in the form of a loan can be raised with the bank for medical emergencies. One of the drawback of loans is that the individual or family is burdened with repaying the debt with high interest rates.

As for medical insurances, a majority of the population doesn’t even have insurance. Moreover, the cost of getting a organ transplantation is so high that sometimes even insurances fail to be the solution.

Online crowdfunding in India for organ transplantation:

Crowdfunding in India enables you to use the power of technology to raise funds for your organ transplantation costs. All you have to do is create a compelling fundraiser story, accompanied with audio-visuals, that can be directly aimed at potentials donors- your family, friends and other compassionate persons. Once your fundraiser is put out to the people by sharing its link on social media, anyone who connects with your cause, will donate and help you to raise funds for organ transplantation.

You can refer this to get an exact idea how crowdfunding works in India.

Why online crowdfunding in India is the best option to finance your organ transplantation?

Following are the benefits of raising funds via online crowdfunding in India:

  • You can raise funds without additional burden of debt through crowdfunding in India
  • Starting a fundraiser is really easy on platforms for crowdfunding in India
  • Various emerging platforms for crowdfunding in India
  • Raise funds from home throughout the India via crowdfunding process in India

You can use following tips to make the most of your fundraiser.

List of crowdfunding platforms in India where you can raise funds for your organ transplantation surgery:

  1. Impact Guru
  2. Ketto
  3. Milaap
  4. Bitgiving

Out of these, Impact Guru has raised Rs. 329 crores till date and is famous for medical crowdfunding in India.If you, or anyone you know is required to undergo organ transplantation, and needs to raise funds for it, start a crowdfunding campaign in India on platforms like Impact Guru, ketto etc today and save one life.

Success Stories of Medical Fundraisers for Organ Transplantations on online crowdfunding platforms like Impact Guru

Kidney Transplant:

Harish Rohra, a small sized businessman in Hyderabad, was diagnosed with kidney failure in 2014 but he had to put aside his treatment to pay for his daughter’s treatment. When doctors gave last warning to get kidney transplant He approached Impact Guru to overcome lack of funds. Within 35 days, he reached his target of Rs. 8,15,000 for his organ transplantation surgery.

Liver Transplant:

Pooja Bhatnagar, a teacher from Delhi suffering from chronic liver disease for 17 years reached a stage where doctors confirmed that an urgent Liver transplant was only option for her survival. Through the fundraising campaign on Impact Guru, her husband raised  Rs. 25,00,000 for her organ transplantation surgery.

Heart Transplant:

  1. Madhuri’s daughter baby Keertisha was diagnosed with multiple holes (VSD) in her heart at the age of one month. Keertisha’s parents exhausted all their savings in her first surgery and needed help to raise funds for her second surgery of organ transplantation. They surpasses their target of raising Rs. 7,50,000 by raising Rs. 7,72,234 by 385 people in 8 days on Impact Guru.

Bone Marrow Transplant:

5 year old Saanvi was suffering from Severe Aplastic Anemia for which Bone Marrow Transplant was the only remedy suggested by doctors for her to survive. As the complete cost of organ transplantation was difficult to bear for her parents, his father decided to start fundraiser.  They raised Rs. 25,72,268 on Impact Guru from 661 people in just 12 days through online crowdfunding.

Transplant Facilities in India

Names of top hospitals for organ transplantations in India:

  • AIIMS, Delhi
  • K.Kidney & G.I.Centre, Mumbai
  • M Wadia Institute of Cardiology, Pune
  • Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, Delhi
  • Columbia Asia Hospital, Bangalore
  • Apollo Hospital, across India

You can visit here for more comprehensive list:


Need an organ transplantation? You can take help from these the organisations:


If you wish to start a fundraiser for  your organ transplantation surgery in India visit following platforms for online crowdfunding in India and know how they operate:

Impact Guru: https://www.impactguru.com/how-it-works

Ketto: https://www.ketto.org/how_it_works/how-fundraising-works.php

Bitgiving: https://www.bitgiving.com/site/guidebook

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